This is a question that most synagogues, youth groups and Jewish non-profits ask themselves on a regular basis. Many of these groups tout “leadership development” programs and activities to inspire and prepare the next generation to take the lead. But do they work? Two experts, Hal Lewis, Spertus Institute President and CEO and Professor of Contemporary Jewish Studies in Chicago, and Dr. Erica Brown, noted writer, educator and Scholar-in-Residence for the Jewish Federation of Greater Washington, question many of these programs’ effectiveness. From two sides of the coin, the articles demonstrate that there is more to leadership development that cultivating a rising star up the ladder or even offering an educational seminar on the way the Jewish system works.